Question: What Is Social Stratification?

What are some examples of social stratification?

The status of people is often determined by how society is stratified – the basis of which can include;Wealth and income – This is the most common basis of stratification.Social class.Ethnicity.Gender.Political status.Religion (e.g.

the caste system in India).

What causes social stratification?

Social stratification refers to the way people are ranked and ordered in society. In Western countries, this stratification primarily occurs as a result of socioeconomic status in which a hierarchy determines the groups most likely to gain access to financial resources and forms of privilege.

What is social stratification and its types?

Sociologists generally distinguish four main types of social stratification – slavery, estate, caste and social class and status. … Ogburn and Nimkoff define social stratification as the process by which individuals and groups are ranked in a more or less enduring hierarchy of status.

Who benefits from social stratification?

The most important advantage of stratification is that it facilitates social organization and governance. Within the social group, having one or more acknowledged leaders leads to greater efficiency in decision-making, in contrast to egalitarian systems that rely on achieving consensus among the entire group.

What are the 5 social classes?

Gallup has, for a number of years, asked Americans to place themselves — without any guidance — into five social classes: upper, upper-middle, middle, working and lower. These five class labels are representative of the general approach used in popular language and by researchers.

What are the 4 principles of social stratification?

Four basic principles• Social stratification is based on four basic principles: 1. Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences; 2. Social stratification carries over from generation to generation; 3. Social stratification is universal but variable; 4.

What are the features of social stratification?

What were the features of social stratification​Inequality or Higher-lower positions:Social Stratification is a Source of Competition:Every Status has a Particular Prestige Associated with it:Stratification Involves a Stable, Enduring and Hierarchical Division of Society:Different Statuses are Inter-dependent:Stratification is based on Social Values:More items…•

Is social stratification necessary?

Stratification is necessary to induce people with special intelligence, knowledge, and skills to enter the most important occupations. For this reason, stratification is necessary and inevitable.

What are the disadvantages of social stratification?

It affects life chances, lifestyles and prestige. It creates emotional stress and depression for the people belonging to lower social stratum as they have unequal access to wealth, power and prestige.

What are the three P’s of social stratification?

Social stratification refers to the unequal distribution around the world of the three Ps: property, power, and prestige. This stratification forms the basis of the divisions of society and categorizations of people.

How is social stratification universal?

Social stratification refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. … Social stratification is universal (it happens everywhere) but variable (it takes different forms across different societies).